Young persons in construction
If you manage a construction company and are thinking of employing a young person, consider the following hazards and controls you will need to carry out to ensure the safety of any young person you intend to employ. A young person is anyone under 18.
Lack of experience.
Being unaware of existing or potential risks.
Lack of maturity.
Eagerness to please/impress may create hazardous situations.
May arrive for work when unfit or unwell.
More likely to take chances.
Failure to follow rules.
Provided additional health and safety training for the young person.
Site Manager’s to ensure young person does not work beyond their physical or psychological capabilities.
Do not let a young person perform work which involves risks to health from noise, vibration or extreme heat or cold.
Do not let a young person perform work, which involves harmful exposure to any agents, which can chronically affect health, including those with toxic or carcinogenic effects.
No working using bench saws block splitter or electrical grinder.
No erection of Arco’s or strong boys etc.
No operating site transport.
No operating hoists.
No operating cartridge operated tools.
No operating other site mechanical plant, e.g. MEWP’s telehandler.
No working with and exposure to physical, biological and chemical agents.Site Manager’s should ensure the young person follows all the site rules and take immediate action e.g. (dismissed from site for the day) if the young person fails to abide by the site rules.
A young workers working time should not exceed 40 hours a week.
HSE provide guidance to protect workers from the risks of hazardous manual handling with a new step-by-step guide.
The following are all requirements in law that a Company must carry out to avoid hazardous manual handling, so far as is reasonably practicable:
(a) Assess the risk of injury from any hazardous manual handling operations that cannot be avoided
(b) reduce the risk of injury from hazardous manual handling to as low as reasonably practicable
(c) The weight of a load is important, though the law does not set specific weight limits.
(d) In some cases, you must provide information about the weight and position of the centre of gravity of each load, if there is a risk of injury and it is reasonably practicable to do this.
Below are a number control measures you should consider prior carrying out manual handling:
(a) Check on stability of load before lifting fully.
(b) Keep the load close to the waist.
(c) Adopt a stable position.
(d) Ensure a good hold on the load.
(e) Lift with your legs rather than your back and arms.
(f) Moderate flexion (slight bending) of the back, hips and knees at the start of the lift.
(g) Don’t flex the back any further while lifting.
(h) Avoid twisting the back or leaning sideways especially while the back is bent.
(i) Keep the head up when handling.
(j) Wear PPE
(k) Do not lift or handle more than can be easily managed.
(l) Seek to split the load into smaller lighter parts or improve method of carrying supporting the load through use of attachments, slings, lifting poles etc.
(m) If two or more persons involved then one to take the lead.
(n) If you are concerned that a load is too heavy – don’t move it – particularly if you have an existing health affecting condition.
(o) Do not exceed 20kilos per person when carrying out multi person lifts.
(a) Uneven, slippery or unstable floors.
(b) Variations in level of floors or work surfaces.
(c) Extremes of temperature or humidity.
(d) Conditions causing ventilation problems or gusts of wind.
(e) Poor lighting conditions.
Take account of the particular requirements of employees who:
(a) Are or have recently been pregnant.
(b) Have a disability that may affect their manual handling capability.
(c) Have recently had a manual handling injury or have a history of back, knee or hip trouble, hernia or other health problems which could affect their manual handling capability.
(d) Are young workers or new to the job.
(e) Are older workers
With the cold weather approaching below are some useful health and safety tips for business owners.
(a) Provide waterproof PPE clothing in wet conditions and lined waterproof Personal Protective
Equipment in cold wet conditions.
Cold Icy conditions
(a) Identify the outdoor areas used by pedestrians most likely to be affected by icy conditions.
(b) Monitor the temperature is key to prevention of accidents.
(c) Erect safety signs
(d) Use grit (rock salt) on areas prone to be slippery in frosty, icy conditions and divert pedestrians to less slippery walkways and barrier off existing ones.
(e) Check for slip hazards wet and decaying leaves and remove at regular intervals.
(f) Avoid working in dark where slip hazards will be difficult to spot.
Take additional breaks and warm up with hot drinks.
If you feel the conditions may cause an accident stop work and do not carry on even if instructed to do so by a senior member of staff.
Working at Height is still the biggest cause of death within the construction industry.
The following are all requirements in law that a Company must carry out when working at height:
(a) Provide the most suitable equipment appropriate for the work.
(b) Take account of factors such as the working conditions (e.g. weather).
(c) Take into account the nature, frequency and duration of the work.
(d) The risks to the safety of everyone where the work equipment will be used.
Below are a number control measures you should consider prior to working at height.
(a) Ensure that work at height is properly planned, adequately supervised and carried out in a safe manner by suitably trained and competent staff.
(b) Ensure equipment is suitable, stable and strong enough for the job, maintained and checked regularly.
(c) Stop materials or objects from falling or, if it is not reasonably practicable to prevent objects falling, take suitable and sufficient measures to make sure no one can be injured, e.g. use exclusion zones to keep people away.
(d) Store materials and objects safely so they won’t cause injury if they are disturbed or collapse.
(e) Plan for emergencies and rescue, e.g. agree a set procedure for evacuation.
(f) Ensure that injury is prevented from the fall of materials, tipping or throwing of objects.
(g) Minimise the distance and consequences of a fall, by using the right type of equipment where the risk cannot be eliminated.
(h) Do as much work as possible from the ground.
Does good health and safety on site and good health and safety planning produce higher quality of workmanship and build?
Yes. If there is no planning no fit for purpose risk and method statement and unsafe working practices the quality of the build will normally mirror the on-site health and safety.
How does the Project team ensure good health and safety?
- Appoint the right people and organisations at the right time.
- Ensure there is an expert.
- Co-operate and communicate with the project team.
- Provide Pre-construction information.
How does the Builder ensure good health and safety?
- Providing training and the correct documentation will ensure health and safety compliance.
- Managing health and safety helps builders retain experienced and skilled workers. Commitment from building management provides reassurance to employee’s the management do care for their employees welfare.
- Focusing too much on formal documentation of a health and safety management system will distract from addressing the human elements.
- Know the correct amount of documentation for projects “too much is as bad as too little”.
How do you appoint the right organisation to help manage health and safety?
- Check the organisation has suitably qualified staff.
- Try to find an organisation that have employee’s that have actually worked on the tools or managed construction sites.
Health and safety made simple includes:
- Getting help with health and safety
Owen C C can ensure you have the necessary help.
- Prepare a health and safety policy
Owen C C can prepare a bespoke health and safety policy for your organisation.
- Risk assessments
Owen C C can prepare risk assessments for your organisation.
- Consult your workers
Owen C C can provide guidance as to the most effective way of consulting with your workers.
- Provide information and training
Owen C C can advise and ensure you provide adequate training for your workers.
- Have the right workplace facilities
Owen C C can visit and advise on the suitability of the welfare you are providing for workers
- First aid in work
Owen C C can visit and advise on the necessary arrangements for first aid and any necessary training.
- Display the law poster
You must display a poster or provide leaflets to workers
- Get insurance for your business.
You must have adequate insurance in place.
Having completed another financial year 2018-2019.
It is nice to reflect on another very positive year for business.
First with our Health and safety work.
We have now been working with one of London’s premier brickwork contractors “Galostar” for approximately 18 months.
Galostar ensure health and safety and the welfare of their operatives is a priority within their business model. Galostar request assistance from Owen Construction Consultancy for drafting Risk and Method Statements and on-site health and safety audits. Galostar ensure the work areas they carry out their brickwork are neat and tidy this leads to extremely high quality of workmanship being delivered. This has been a rewarding for us being able to access some of the biggest and most prestigious London building projects.
Second Clerk of Works services.
Phoenix Housing Association was awarded a multi-million pound grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund to restore The Fellowship Inn in Bellingham in November 2014.
The £4million restoration plans include the creation of a:
(b) Live music, theatre and comedy venue
(d) Restored pub
(e) Music hub and rehearsal space (home to Lewisham Music).
Owen Construction Consultancy provided clerk of work (quality control monitoring) to our long standing Client Phoenix Community Housing Association.
The project has been one of the most interesting to have worked on.
A dilapidated large listed building restored and brought back to life by traditional craftsmen.
A joy for any Clerk of Works to be involved with.
The Health & Safety Executive October site inspection initiative controlling dust.
The HSE will be visiting sites this October focusing on the controlling of dust on construction sites. Companies in breach of their statutory duty to control dust or expose their workers to dust will face enforcement action and fines.
You can find information guidance sheets when you login into the HSE web site. Below are controls that can be put into place on your construction sites.
(a) Burning of materials on site should not be permitted.
(b) Using processes which do not generate hazardous fumes and hazardous dust.
(c) Ensuring that airborne hazards do not escape from the site to affect members of the public and
(d) Dust pollution can be minimised by screening, if practicable.
(e) Wheel wash facilities provided on sites.
(f) Watering down to minimise dust transfer into neighbouring premises.
(g) Ensuring that the area around the site, including the public highway, is regularly and adequately
swept to prevent any accumulation of dust and dirt.
(h) Skips and removal vehicles should be properly covered when leaving the site.
(i) Limiting the number of people near the work.
(j) General mechanical ventilation to remove dusty air from the work area
(e.g. in enclosed spaces such as indoors)
(k) Order the right size of building materials so less cutting or preparation is needed.
Tools to be used to reduce dust
(a) Block splitting tool
(b) Water suppression on tools
(c) Dust extraction on tools
(a) Avoid dry sweeping – use vacuum or wet cleaning
(b) Avoid use compressed air for removing dust from clothing
(c) Rotating those doing the task
(d) Wear respiratory protective equipment (RPE)
(e) Selecting work clothes that do not keep hold of the dust
Security on your site.
If you are a Site Manager or Company Director you are responsible for security on the sites you manage.
Your Company should ensure reasonable steps are taken to prevent unauthorised access.
Attention should be paid to:
(a) Preventing children or vulnerable people entering the construction site. Consider schools or care homes located near the site.
(b) Rights of way through your site.
(c) Other work areas next to your site, e.g. a shop refurbishment in a shopping centre.
(d) Occupied houses next to your site, especially on new-build housing estates.
Construction company’s should consider the following controls:
(a) Perimeter fencing and warning notices should be posted. Gaps between gates and the ground and between fixed and moveable fencing should be minimised so that small children cannot climb through or under the fence.
(b) Fencing should be regularly checked to ensure the fence is kept in good order and that there are no materials, skips, plant, etc. stored or parked where they may assist a trespasser to climb into the site.
(c) In occupied buildings or public spaces with access to the scaffold at several levels fencing should be used to close off all access opportunities.
(d) Site personnel and site visitors should sign in the site register when they arrive on site and to sign out when they leave site.
(e) Construction work should not start until the site has been made secure.
(f) Warning signage should be fixed to the scaffolding.
(g) If employees suspects that a person they see on site is not authorised to be there, they should report their suspicions to the Site Manager. The Site Manager should immediately investigate and if the person is unauthorised, request that they leave site immediately.
(h) All plant should be switched off at the end of the working day.
(i) Ladders should be locked to the scaffold, until they are next required. A check at the end of each shift should take place to ensure all doors are locked gates locked and any alarms set. Where it is not practicable to remove bottom ladder a ladder guard may be used.
As a Construction business there are many things that you do for which you can see an immediate benefit.
There are other things that you should do for which the benefits are not so immediately apparent. But that does not mean the benefits are not there, or even that they are insignificant – sometimes in fact, they are very big indeed.
A Construction Risk Register – which simply put, is a Register of the types of work a business carries out, the tools and machinery used in carrying out that work – and what likelihood and severity of risk each task carries with it.
People have even been heard to ask: So what is the point? My answer would be that the point and the returns are not only many-fold, but done just once, it thereafter only needs a bit of maintenance to be kept up to date.
Starting with the smaller benefits and working upwards:
1. Peace of mind: Complying with the HSE requirements is a legal requirement and compiling a Construction Risk Register is part of that requirement for Companies employing over 5 employees. Until it is carried out and documented, any business is essentially playing the percentages of something not going wrong. Once a Construction Risk Register is compiled, all those involved in running and operating the business can look at systems to reduce risk within their business.
2. Easier employee training: Once you have your Construction Risk Register, all employees (new and existing) can be trained in the same way. Nothing is missed or taken for granted and risks are greatly reduced.
3. Focus on the main issues: Because a Construction Risk Register Risk not only considers each aspect of the job but also considers the likelihood and severity of each risk associated with each task, everything can be treated in accordance with the assessed degree of potential risk.
4. Impact on business cost: Not having an up to date Construction Risk Register means that a business runs the risk of being fined (possibly heavily so), if an accident does happen. The business can also be sued by the victim (or others) and that is not to even mention the possibility of legal criminal negligence procedures against the owners and managers. Not having a Construction Risk Register thereby puts the business itself at risk. One only has to look at all the “have you had an injury?” adverts to guess the size of the “accident” business. To save you looking it up, the answer, according to the HSE is around £14.9 billion p.a.
5. Fewer personal Injuries (and worse): This is the big one! Since 1974 the number of all types of accidents at work have reduced significantly. Fatal injuries have dropped by an astonishing 85%. Non-fatal injuries by over 60%. The list of improvements is extensive.
For your own and your employees safely and to protect your business and acquire some peace of mind – don’t put it off: Make sure you consider all the types of operations your business carries out and the tools and equipment that is used, and compile a Construction Risk Register Risk.
Oh! And the bit of maintenance that I mentioned? It is simple. Once your Construction Risk Register is in place just update it whenever you take on a new business task or buy any new equipment.
Owen Construction Consultancy is happy to help if you have any questions.
First Aid Courses for employees Owen Construction Consultancy recently attended 1 day first aid training course. The course provided attendees with the life skills to take proactive action in the event of a person requiring first aid and learning skills that can literally mean the saving of a life. The course provided by Samantha Jones was conducted at a sensible pace and made the learning of such an important subject enjoyable.
1 day courses start from £69.00, 3 day courses start at £175.00 Certification of attendance is provided after completion of the course. Samantha Jones is a HCPC Registered Paramedic and can be contacted at .
Face fit testing
Face fit testing is a method for checking that a tight fitting face mask seals adequately to the person’s face.
Current regulations state that Face fit testing is required for anyone who wears a tight fitting face mask for work, which includes disposable single use FFP3 face masks and P3 half masks commonly in use on construction sites.
With the number of compensation claims increasing, employers who do nothing to tackle this issue are increasing the risk of legal action being taken against them by both past and current employees and are leaving themselves open to the possibility of fines and enforcement notices being issued from the Health and Safety Executive.
All dust is dangerous and many people suffer life changing illnesses as a result of working in hazardous conditions without adequate protection. Just a small leak in the face mask can lead to contaminants being breathed in.
Our Qualitative face fit testing service gives you peace of mind that your work force is being protected and is available across London and the South East.
For further details or to arrange face fit testing go to our contact page and send an email and we will make arrangements to carry out face fitting.
Construction Health and Safety (CHAS) Accreditation can be time consuming and daunting
At Owen Construction Consultancy we have been working with many contractors helping them obtain the CHAS Accreditation.
Having CHAS Accreditation demonstrates that contractors meet the recognised standards within Construction Health and Safety and is a game changer in assisting then to be awarded contracts that they tender for. Most local authorities and many other organisations will insist on contractors being CHAS accredited before considering them for the contract.
At Owen Construction Consultancy we are very familiar with the process and can complete the CHAS registration along with any other supporting documents that may be required.
Please contact us for more information.
Construction inspection campaign
The HSE which is Britain’s National regulating body for Health and Safety in the workplace launched its second phase of their construction inspection campaigning December 2017.
The Health and Safety Executive reported that in 2015/2016 over 40 people were fatally injured and ten times that number died from construction related ill health.
The HSE is requesting that every construction contractor, designer and client is not adding to the unacceptable toll by not managing the well-known risks to an acceptable level.
The campaign will focus on some of the most common failings such as Fall from heights, control of harmful dust including silica from brick and stone, asbestos and wood dust.
Structural safety, work at height, welfare provisions, material handling and good order are other areas that the HSE will be focusing on.
In the 1st phase of the inspections the HSE found many examples of small sites working safely and protecting their workers to a highly satisfactory standard, proving that it is possible.
Owen Construction Consultancy can provide a comprehensive Health and Safety Policy that will ensure all contractors, designers, clients have the highest level of compliance in place, which will avoid any failings should the HSE choose to inspect their site.